Implant and Denture
İmplantIf you have one or more missing teeth, implants may be the best solution to give you back your smile and confidence. Implant is the artificial tooth root placed in the jawbone instead of missing tooth. In single tooth deficiencies, it is one of the advantages to be applied without cutting or shrinking the teeth next to the cavity. Dentures, especially on the lower jaw, are prone to slipping and sliding, which can make chewing and speaking more difficult. Because implants utilise titanium anchors that are fused with the jawbone (replicating the natural root structure of a tooth), dental implants are more secure and often more comfortable than removable dentures while looking and feeling like real teeth.
How Implant is Placed?Dental implant application is mostly done in two stages. In the first stage, gingival removal is applied to the area with missing teeth by numbing with local anesthesia. According to the bone thickness and length determined by measuring previously, the place in the dental bone is prepared for the implant. In the second stage, thread screwing is performed on the root placed in the tooth bone.
Implant Crowns and Bridge DentureWith the implant fixed following bone healing, missing teeth can be completed without harming any healthy teeth. Similar to natural teeth, metal supported or more aesthetic full ceramic systems can be used in implant denture. Another recent years development is using of ceramics (zirconium) for the implant fixture production, thus preventing metal reflection, especially in individuals with a thin gum structure.
CrownThe dental crown is covering the tooth, which size is became smaller by some reason. It is necessary to apply a crown in the following cases:
- In tooth repairing filling with insufficient dental support;
- To prevent weakened teeth breakage;
- As a part of the dental implants structure;
- In the treatment of broken, deformed, discolored teeth, crown are applied.
BridgeIf there is a loss of tooth for any reason, neighboring teeth begin to move into the formed cavity. As a result, gum problems, bone loss due to tipping into space, aesthetic problems, and imbalances in chewing. In short, if the cavities in the mouth are not restored with implants or bridges, it will also cause problems with neighboring teeth. When where is one or more teeth are missing, the teeth next to the empty area are reduced to fill the cavity in the mouth. In this case a bridge-shaped denture is applied, which create supportive structure over them.
Implant Supported Removable Dentures
If where are anatomical constraints or bone thickness do not allow to apply the number of implants for using a fixed denture, it is preferable to use removable implant-mounted denture.
Especially for patients with lower jaw total toothless to use removable denture is almost impossible due to the insufficient bone thickness and mobile organs such as tongue and cheeks. In such a case the best recommended solution is a full denture that set on at list two or four implants placed in the front area.
These dentures have many advantages over traditional removable ones:
- It has much better adhesion,
- It provides comfort to the patient,
- More effective chewing can be done,
- The adaptation process of the patient is simpler,
- The patient can recover speech in a short time,
- The remaining bone tissue is preserved,
- Their sıze is smaller than classic full dentures,
- If necessary, it can be easily removed by the patient.